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New method brings durability of perovskite solar cells closer to silicon – pv magazine International


Researchers from the UK, the USA and Australia have reportedly developed a perovskite photo voltaic cell with related energy and sturdiness to industrial silicon PV cells. They used a high-temperature processing methodology with dimethylammonium chloride to manage the intermediate phases of perovskite crystallization.

Scientists from the College of Oxford, Monash College and the US Nationwide Renewable Vitality Laboratory (NREL) have developed a brand new approach to make steady perovskite photo voltaic cells with fewer defects – nearer to the steadiness of silicon.

The lecturers extracted the dimethyl-sulfoxide solvent from the generally used dimethyl-formamide/dimethyl-sulfoxide (DMF/DMSO) solvent preparation methodology. They launched dimethylammonium chloride (DMACI) as a crystallization agent, creating a producing course of they known as DMF/DMACI.

They declare that this permits them to extra successfully management the intermediate phases of the perovskite crystallization course of, together with texturing, orientation, and the crystallinity of the perovskite.

“By utilizing DMACl as a crystallization agent, we will step by step transition by way of the hexagonal face-sharing perovskite polytypes (2H, 4H, 6H) in the direction of the 3C corner-sharing perovskite, leading to extraordinarily crystal and textured skinny movies with face-up perovskite. unit cell orientation,” the scientists defined.

They subjected 138 pattern units to accelerated growing older and excessive temperature take a look at processes. The formamidinium-caesium perovskite photo voltaic cells created utilizing the DMF/DMACI course of have been reported to outperform the management group and present resistance to thermal circumstances, humidity, and lightweight degradation.

The most effective machine that operates above the T80 threshold for greater than 1,400 hours below simulated daylight at 65 C, the place T80 is the time required for a photo voltaic cell to scale back to 80% of first effectivity. Over 1,600 hours, the management machine made utilizing the traditional DMF/DMSO methodology stopped working, whereas the units made with the DMF/DMACI design retained 70% of their authentic effectivity, below quick growing older circumstances.

The scientists did the identical research on the degradation of a gaggle of units at 85 C, with the brand new cells once more surpassing the management group. They decided that the brand new cells aged by an element of 1.7 for each 10 C improve in temperature, which is nearly double the rise anticipated in industrial silicon units.

“I feel what separates us from different research is that we have performed a number of accelerated growing older. We have aged cells at 65 C and 85 C below the complete mild spectrum,” stated David McMeekin, a scientist at Oxford College.

Using 138 prototypes within the research was additionally important, in keeping with McMeekin.

“Most research solely present a curve with none commonplace deviation or any form of statistical strategy to find out if this design is stronger than one other,” he stated.

The researchers say they count on additional advances by gaining a greater understanding of the intermediate phases of perovskite crystallization “and the mechanism by which they have an effect on the crystallization kinetics and grain orientation of perovskite movies.” .” They describe their findings in “Intermediate-phase engineering through dimethylammonium cation additive for steady perovskite photo voltaic cells,” which was lately revealed in Pure Supplies.

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