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Air conditioning based on air-cooled photovoltaic-thermal system – pv magazine International


Chinese language scientists have developed a photovoltaic-thermal air-con system that makes use of an air-cooled condenser and a PV/T condenser related in collection. The system reportedly gives higher cooling beneath evening circumstances.

Researchers from Hebei College of Know-how in China has designed a photovoltaic-thermal air-con system that makes use of an air-cooled condenser and a PV/T condenser related in collection.

The innovation of the system consists in using these two elements as a substitute of the generally used ones PV/T warmth exchanger as condenser.

“If photo voltaic power and long-wave radiation power assets can be found, the proposed system is appropriate no matter the kind of buildings,” mentioned researcher Man Fan. pv journal. “Qsystem efficiency is improved by complementary use of photo voltaic power, windy and excessiveradiation power of the wave.”

The PV/T condenser generates energy within the solar and serving to the windcooled condenser for warmth loss in the course of the evening. The elements of the system an evaporator and condenser, a compressor, the digital enlargement valve (EEV), a 4return valve technique, a gasolineliquid separator, and a sizzling gasoline bypass valve. It makes use of a refrigerant generally known as R410.

“A bypass pipe is put in between the air-cooled condenser and PV/T condenser,” the scientists defined. “By controlling the valves close to the bypass pipe, the system could be modified between an air-cooled PV/T air conditioner and a standard air-cooled air conditioner.”

By opening and shutting three valves, the system can work as the aircooled PV/T air conditioner or as a standard aircooled air conditioner.

The swap between an air-cooled air-con system and an air-cooled PV/T air-con system primarily is dependent upon the condensing impact of the PV/T exchanger,” mentioned the analysis group.

The PV/T condenser consists of a PV plate, an aluminum plate with dimensions of 1580 mm × 810 mm × 2 and 8mm copper tubes from high to backside. the ALUMINUM the plate included behind the PV plate, and copper pipes the welded to the aluminum plate. The air-cooled condenser consists of a fan and fa 8 mm finned tube warmth exchanger. The PV panel used for the system has a width of 1.28 m2, a rated output of 200 W and an influence conversion effectivity of 19.1%.

Lecturers measure system efficiency by utilization Evap-Cond, which is a software program program that gives simulation fashions for finned-tube evaporators and condensers. they discovered that the warmth dissipation price on condenser system is the “constructive” associated to outside air pace, refrigerant stream price and inlet temperature, and “detrimental” associated to photo voltaic irradiance and outdoors temangle

When the refrigerant stream price elevated from 10 kg/h to 50 kg/h, the warmth dissipation price elevated 3.9 occasions, and the utmost worth was 3,116.2 W,” they defined “Whereas beneath different circumstances , the warmth dissipation price solely modified by 2.9% to 10.3% with a mean worth of three,064.8 W.

Additionally they discovered that the system cooling capability at evening is about 7.1% and 42.3% longer than a cloudy and sunny day, respectively, and that the system temperature coefficient (COP) is between 2.9 to 4.1which is approx 20.0% and 123.7% greater than a cloudy and sunny day.

“The air-cooled PV/T air-con system is recommended to be operated when the photo voltaic irradiance shouldn’t be greater than 200 W,” they mentioned. “The rise in photo voltaic irradiance and the outside temperature are each unfavorable for system cooling and energy cogeneration efficiency.

The researchers launched the system of “The simulation of an air-cooled PV/T air-con system for cooling and energy cogeneration,” just lately printed in Utilized Thermal Power.

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