14.1 C
New York

Perovskite solar cell with 25.3% efficiency via new ligand – pv magazine International


A Chinese language analysis group has designed a perovskite photo voltaic cell with a brand new ligand referred to as 3-amidinopyridine. These molecules are reported to have the ability to successfully scale back anion emptiness defects, thus guaranteeing larger energy conversion effectivity and distinctive stability.

Researchers at Shaanxi Regular College in China have designed a novel management technique to scale back the formation of anion emptiness defects in halide perovskite photo voltaic cells and located that this new methodology leads to larger effectivity. and extraordinary energy.

The brand new methodology, which they describe as a one-stone technique for each birds, makes use of a ligand referred to as 3-amidinopyridine (3AP) to pin the anions to the gadget. Anions can management the nucleation and progress of perovskite crystals and act as a passivating agent to enhance crystallinity, thus guaranteeing improved effectivity.

The scientists declare that the 3AP molecules deposited within the perovskite layer are capable of type a robust chemical bond with the lead(II) iodide (Pb–I) interlayer of the cell and, consequently, create an enduring impact on pinning.

“We discovered that the 3AP molecules are organized parallel and anti-symmetrically between the Pb-I frameworks with a brief interlayer distance of three.45 angstrom(Å), which is shorter than that obtained for beforehand reported ligands, resulting in uncommon coordination inside the crystals,” they defined.

The researchers constructed the cell with a substrate made from tin oxide (FTO), a titanium oxide (TiO2) electron transport layer, a halide perovskite referred to as α-formamidinium lead iodide referred to as α-FAPbI3, a spiro-OMeTAD gap transport layer, and gold (Au) metallic contacts.

They evaluated the efficiency of the gadget by way of density purposeful concept (DFT) calculations and in contrast it to a reference cell that makes use of generally used giant natural ligands comparable to 2-phenethylammonium (PEA) and n-butylammonium (BA).

The group discovered that the 3AP-based cell achieved a most energy conversion effectivity of 25.3%, open-circuit voltage of 1.181 V, short-circuit present of 26.04 mA cm-2, and a fill issue of 82.21%. The reference cell with out 3AP molecules reached an effectivity of twenty-two.76%, open-circuit voltage of 1.123 V, short-circuit present of 24.94 mA cm.-2and a fill issue of 81%.

By additional measurements, the lecturers additionally ascertained {that a} 3AP-based cell with out encapsulation was capable of retain 92% of its preliminary effectivity after 5000 h publicity to ambient situations. “Anion-vacancy defect engineering by way of sturdy molecule-perovskite coordination supplies an efficient and easy answer for growing the effectivity and stability of perovskite photo voltaic cells,” they mentioned.

They offered the brand new anion defects management technique within the research “One-stone-for-two-birds technique to realize past 25% perovskite photo voltaic cells,” revealed in environmental communication. “Our findings provide an efficient chemical technique for the speedy fabrication of high-performance secure perovskite photo voltaic cells and could also be relevant to different perovskite optoelectronic units,” they concluded.

This content material is protected by copyright and will not be reused. If you wish to cooperate with us and need to reuse a few of our content material, please contact: [email protected]

Source link

Related articles


Recent articles