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Agrivoltaics for grape farms – pv magazine International


Hong Kong researchers have designed an agrivoltaic system that makes use of blockchain tech and good contracts to cut back uncertainty between PV system operators and grape farmers. The proposed system makes use of rainwater to scrub photo voltaic panels and supply irrigation.

Scientists from The Metropolis College of Hong Kong has developed a novel system design for agrivoltaic tasks in vineyards.

The researchers describe their findings in “Built-in techno-economic and life cycle evaluation of shared round enterprise mannequin primarily based blockchain-enabled dynamic grapevoltaic farm for main grape rising states in India,” which was lately revealed in Renewable Vitality. They are saying the brand new design of the system straightforwardtates rainwater harvesting, with photo voltaic array tilt to comply with the path of rain. The system shops and reuses the collected water for irrigation functions.

Researchers use a round enterprise mannequin (CBM) primarily based on blockchain and good contract applied sciences to coordinate between PV system operators and grape farmers.

“The proposed system works even with out the blockchain configuration,” stated researcher Nallapaneni Manoj Kumar. pv journal. “However with the blockchain configuration, agrivoltaics work extra effectively with good coordination taking into consideration all of the uncertainties that come up between solar energy era and grape farming when it comes to co-location out there that out there as water for plant irrigation and photo voltaic panel washing.That is solely potential if the system is ready to observe real-time climate and function robotically via good contracts.

Teachers use a sustainability efficiency, life cycle evaluation, and techno-economic (RePLiCATE) methodology to reveal the multifunctional viability of the system in a number of grape producing states of India. They declare that the nation’s present laws for energy buy agreements (PPAs) don’t make agrivoltaics viable.

Sensible contract helps in automating the agreements and supplies a hyperlink to the power and grape buying and selling market,” they stated.

For the 1-ha “grapevoltaic” farm mannequin, the analysis staff thought of the vineplot planning, photo voltaic PV configuration for the winery, plant water necessities contemplating evapotranspiration, rainwater harvesting potential, and power necessities for groundwater extraction. Modeling is concerned 1,458 rising crops in 27 rows and 504 kW PV set up organized in 14 rows. The system options panels with outputs of 100 W every and dimensions of 1,197 mm × 535 mm There’s a distance of 0.13 meters between the modules.

The panels have a floor that enables the free circulation of water. Water can be utilized to scrub the panels themselves or present irrigation via a drip system related to the storage tank.

Scientists say that the whole earnings generated by a 1-ha Grapevoltaic farm might range, relying of electrical energy productions and grapes, electrical energy costs, and market costs of grapes. They are saying the proposed system can cut back water consumption for farmers and PV operators.

“Agrivoltaics, basically, is an efficient answer for grape manufacturing as a result of the grape plant shouldn’t be shade tolerant however can also be extra delicate to climate occasions,” Nallapaneni stated. “To keep away from this we’d like such excessive technical methods that may hyperlink, for instance, the grape farm to the GrapeNet platform the place commerce laws and grape certifications might be completed with one click on. “

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