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Tin oxide-based organic solar cell hits 17.26% efficiency, 79% fill factor – pv magazine International


A crew of scientists on the College of Groningen within the Netherlands has developed an natural photo voltaic cell based mostly on an electron transport layer (ETL) product of tin oxide (SnO2) that reportedly allows the gadget to realize an unimaginable fill issue of 79%.

At the moment, natural photo voltaic cells are far behind their inorganic rivals as a result of they obtain much less present manufacturing, have a better open-circuit voltage loss, and have a decrease fill issue, which these PV units normally don’t exceed 80%.

The researchers defined that SnO2 is an efficient various to zinc oxide (ZnO) for ETLs utilized in natural PV, as a result of its power degree is appropriate for an environment friendly assortment of electrons. “In comparison with ZnO, SnO2 affords larger electron mobilities and a superior transparency to seen and UV gentle,” they state, noting that ZnO is, nevertheless, extra photoreactive than SnO2. .

The Dutch group used atomic layer deposition (ALD) to deposit a skinny movie of SnO2, which it says avoids adjusting its floor by means of further fabrication steps.

“Moreover, compact layers might be deposited at comparatively low temperatures (under 100 C), with the potential of fine-tuning {the electrical} and optical properties of the fabric,” it additional defined, which provides that the deposition course of exhibits a tradeoff between the transparency of the fabric, which is larger at low temperatures, and {the electrical} conductivity, which improves when the deposition temperature is raised.

The lecturers constructed the cell utilizing a substrate product of glass and indium tin oxide (ITO), the ETL based mostly on SnO2, an natural lively layer, a molybdenum oxide (MoOx) layer, and a contact of aluminum metallic (Al). The natural absorber is product of two completely different donor-acceptor blends that act as lively layers. The primary consists of two polymers generally known as TPD-3F and IT-4F, and the opposite of two polymers generally known as PM6 and L8-BO.

The photo voltaic cell constructed utilizing PM6 and L8-BO achieved one of the best efficiency amongst all examined units by reaching an influence conversion effectivity of 17.26%, an open circuit voltage of 0.872 V, a short-circuit present of 25.55 mA cm−2, and a fill issue of 79.0%. For comparability, a reference cell constructed utilizing ETL based mostly on ZnO reached an effectivity of 16.03%, an open-circuit voltage of 0.878 V, a short-circuit present of 25.10 mA cm−2, and a fill issue of 74.0%.

“Each of those values ​​are at present the best values ​​reported for OSCs with an inverted construction and SnO2 as ETL,” mentioned the scientists referring to the cell effectivity and the filling issue, each.

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